NOTTING HILL, LONDON.
LOCATION: Notting Hill is located in West London, close to Kensington Gardens in the royal borough of Kensington and Chelsea. It is surounded by the large motorways, M1,M2,M11,M25 and is also close to the River Thames. History:
  • In the mid eighteenth century it was a country hamlet known for its gravel pits and roadside inns frequently visited by travellers.
  • The main road 'Notting Hill Gate' was given it's name from the tollgate appeared in the mid-eighteenth century.
  • Industrialisation brought workers to the area in from the rural countryside and landlords started to build small terraced hosuing for the poorer workers to live in the area.
  • In the 19th century the main landowners of the area, the Ladbroke family started to build large terraced houses around a square garden with the idea of turning the area into a fashionable suburb of the capital and calling it Kensington Park.
  • The Ladbroke famly built famous houses in Notting Hill such as Ladbroke Grove and Ladbroke Square, which has the largest private square garden in London.
​Changes up to the 1970's:
  • In the early 20th century the area went into decline because the employing of slaves was stopped and the market for Notting Hill property fell, this allowed people of middle classes to move into the area.
  • During the Blitz in WW2 several houses, All Saints Church was hit twice in 1940 and again in 1944.
  • After the Blitz cheap homes were available and caused the area to become run down and were described as 'one of the worst areas in London'.
  • One street in the north east area called Golborne, had 2400 people living in 140 9- room houses and was well known for the slum children livig in the crowded conditions.
  • By 1969 one street known as Pinehurst Court had become so run down it was descrined as 'truly terrible'.
  • By the 1970's all of these slums were cleared when the Westway Flyover and Trellick tower had been built, these areas are now home to Mediterranean communities mainly people from Portugese, Spanish and Moroccan.
Changes by gentrification:
  • By the 1980s, houses had become occupied by single people, or families that could afford the larger houses and helped make parts of Notting Hill become one of the most desired parts of London to live in.
  • Near Holland Park, houses have pillared porches, well maintained houses with private gardens surrounded by the high class services from the Kensington area and are the most expensive houses in the area starting at around £250,000 for a terraced building
Notthing Hill today:
  • Portabello Road: Portabello Road is a well known area in Notting Hill and attracts most people for its outdoor street market.
  • The market is a mile long that sells everyday goods from fruit and veg, clothes and even sells antiques so attracts many different classes of people.
  • The market is also in a perfect location as all along the street is cafes, restaurants, pubs, bars and shops so visitors can leave the busy market for a quieter shop.
  • Notting Hill Carnival: The Notting Hill carnival is the 2nd largest festival ion the world behind the one in Rio,Brazil.
  • The carnival takes place over the August Bank Holiday weekend (Sunday and Monday), adn attracts thousands of visitors every year.
  • It started in 1959 to stop racial tension in the area after the racial riots in 1958 and since 1965 has become an extrememly famouse outdoor carnvial.
  • Carribean culture is shown all over this parade along with music, food and clothing, and stretches for over 3 miles throughout the whole of Notting Hill.